Wine & Champagne

Bordeaux wines

It’s generally known that wine is a symbol of France owing to special relation to producing of wine as to art. Bordeaux wine is very famous in the world, due to wonderful taste, high quality and prestige. Bordeaux is the the most famous wine-making region whis is situated in the valley of Gironde. Total area is 120 000 hectares where are 13 000 sectors of viticulture and 10 000 producers of wine. Bordeaux wine is made with classical sorts of grape. For red wine: merlo, cabernet sauvignon, cabernet franc. For white wine: muscadelle, sauvignon blanc, merlot blanc, sémillon and colombard. The vineyards are situated in the valley of rivers Gironde and its tributaries – Garonne and Dordogne and they are divided in 3 big parts :

  1. Left bank of Gironde and Garonne (subregions “Medoc” and “Graves”)
  2. Right bank of Gironde and Dordogne (subregions “Cote de Blaye”, “Cote de Bourg” and region Libourne, dividing into “Saint Emilion”, “Pomerol”, “Lalande-de-Pomerol”)
  3. Region of Entre-deux-mers (“interfluves”)

In region Medoc, wines are produced with tender bouquet and delicate taste. From ten areas of Medoc just five produce wines with very high category (AOC).In “Graves” region 160 000 hectolitres of white and red wine are produced. All products are notable for high quality and peerless taste and no any wine in the world cannot have the same merits.

The wine produced in region Saint Emilion have saturated color and arome of truffle. Vinyards in Pomerol produce red wines which are rough, strong, smooth.

Entre-deux-mers is situated between Dordogne and Garonne, there is produced white wines with superior taste and fragrance. Special feature of these Bordeaux wine is their incomparable feeling of freshness, which we can feel on the tongue after drinking.

Dry and white wine are made in region Cote de Blaye and all its productions have distinctive features in taste such as smooth and fruity flavor. Wines are very important for inhabitants in Bordeaux so long as this embodies unique culture and history of the region. Every bottle of wine encloses art and traditions of making wine, which passed on from one generation to another for many centuries and this the reason of making the most tasty and unique wine in the world.

wine-cellarThere are many old laws, which provide for strict control of wine by its origin and type of grape. There are 4 categories of wine which were established in 1935. They are:

  • Vin de table- VDT : This wine is produced with different sorts of grape raised in different regions of France. It is considered that this wine is for unpretentious people and the proof is its share in total amount of all produced wine, it is 40 %. Unconditionally, quality control is not so strict to this kind of wine, but grape (or mix of different sorts of grapes) for its production undergo required certification.
  • Local wine : (Vin de pays –VDP ) are produced with recommended sorts of grape: 1) It has to comply with all required standards: this category has to be made with recommended sort of grape which was raised in strictly defined wine-making zone; 2) Content of alcohol has to be not below 9 % ; 3) This wine has to be up to quality, which is defined by special committee of degustation. Usually its not expensive wines and the percentage of its production is 15 %.
  • Delimitated wine of superior quality (Vins Delimites de Qualite Superieure – VDQS) : Good reputation of this wine is provided by quite a number of requirements and rules. The laws control zones of production, sorts of grape, maximum of productivity, methods of cultivation of grapes and vinification, analytical and organoleptic control and etc. The share of delimited French wine is the lowest – not more than 1 % of all production.


  • (Appellations d’Origine Controlée, АОС) – top devision of wine, which are produced in defined region. The wine-making is checked by special organization «Institut national de l’origine et de la qualité» (previously Institut National des Appellations d’Origine) which is controlled by French government (INAO). Wine passes more strict selection: they have to be produced in strictly defined area of defined province and made with only with allowed sorts of grape exactly for this type of wine, wine has to have predefined strength. Also this wine had to be made and be aged according to the predefined period of time according to rules of this exact sort. After all this it has to be examined by INAO and then they give special certificate which you can see on the bottle its: « Appellation d’Origine Controlée ».

Every bottle of wine encloses art and traditions of making wine, which passed on from one generation to another for many centuries and this the reason of making the most tasty and unique wine in the world.


champagne bottlesChampagne is the most famous sparkling wine accompany every holiday (births, graduations, engagements, weddings, anniversaries, and boat christenings and etc.). Since medieval times it was enjoyed by French Kings and rulers and even today this beverage is associated with power, luxury, and wealth. Champagne was created in France, as all beautiful, in province Champagne (same as the name of wine). The history of creating begins in 1670, in abbey Otvilyer. Once upon time Don Pier Perigner got new sort of wine by using the second fermentation in bottles with following aging and adding sugar and yeast. According to the law issued in 1844, in Tours wine has to be named champagne only if it was made with grape which was grown in province Champagne. All other wines which are produced beside this province correspondingly cannot be called champagne. They are named sparkling wine. For champagnization just defined sorts of grape are strictly regulated in this law, it has to be Blanc Chardonnay, Pinot Noir or Pinot Meunier. Champagnes made with Chardonnay grapes are called Blanc de Blancs. Champagne made with Pinot Noir or Pinot Meunier grapes are called Blanc de Noirs. The French organization “Comité Interprofessionnel du vin de Champagne » spends around 2 millions Euros per year to protect name of Champagne and to enclose from manufactures of other regions. Last year the committee was successful in cancellation of putting name “Champagne” on bottles with sparkling wine which are produced in China, India, Australia, South Africa, Indonesia, Thailand and many other countries. At the current time they are negotiating with Canada and Chili. Now Russia and the USA are big countries and they still continue to use name “champagne” for sparkling wine. However recently the agreement has been reached and Russian manufactures will stop to use name “champagne” for their wines on 1st of January 2023.

ChampagneThere are thousands producers of champagne in province and every of them make 16 000 bottles per year averagely. It is too few if we compare to Moët & Chandon which produce more than 30 millions bottles. Competitions inside France and world trade are different. Almost 40 % of French market – wine production is done by small producers. As a rule, beyond the region we can find just major brands work. Generally speaking, 80 % of all export is champagne of major brands such as: Dom Pérignon, Moët & Chandon, Veuve Clicquot Ponsardin, Louis Roederer, G.H. Mumm, Krug, Pol Roger etc.

A Champagne’s sweetness will vary. Here are the classifications:

  • Ultra Brut/Extra Brut/Brut Zero/Brut Nature/Brut Sauvage: No added sugar
  • Brut: Nearly dry, contains no more than 1.5% sugar.
  • Extra Dry/Extra Sec: Slightly sweeter, can contain up to 2% sugar.
  • Dry/Sec: Can contain up to 4% sugar
  • Demi-Sec: Just sweet enough, can contain up to 8% sugar.
  • Doux: Sweet, can contain up to 10% sugar

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